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VTI vs VUG: Which Vanguard ETF Should You Choose?

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We Compare VTI vs VUG: Vanguard Total Stock Market ETF (VTI) vs Vanguard Growth ETF (VUG)

These are two popular Vanguard Exchange Traded Funds (ETFs).  This article will help you decide between VTI and VUG.VTI vs VUG Graphic

VTI vs VUG

The primary difference between VTI and VUG is the number of holdings in the ETF.  VTI holds 3535 stocks while VUG has 287 stocks.

VTI holds 3535 different companies

VUG holds 287 different companies

This makes VTI much more diversified compared to VUG.  The top 10 holdings for VUG make up 50% of the ETF which is significantly more than VTI (26%).

Another difference between these two vanguard funds is the index they track.

VTI tracks the CRSP Total Market Index

VUG tracks the CRSP US Large Cap Growth Index

Vanguard’s VTI effectively tracks the performance of the entire US stock market.

VTI

  • Fund Inception: 2001
  • Expense Ratio: 0.03%
  • Number Of Stocks: 3535
  • Top 10 Holdings: 26%
  • Dividend Yield: 1.1%
  • Equivalent Admiral Fund (VTSAX)

VUG

  • Fund Inception: 2004
  • Expense Ratio: 0.04%
  • Number Of Stocks: 287
  • Top 10 Holdings: 50%
  • Dividend Yield: 0.4%
  • Equivalent Admiral Fund (VIGAX)

 

VTI vs VUG Performance

VTI and VUG have performed differently over the last 10 years with VUG beating VTI by 3% annually.  However, that does not guarantee the next 10 years will look the same.

Over the last 5 years, VUG has outperformed VTI by 9%.

Here is their performance side by side:

VTI vs VUG Performance

Performance Comparison:

VTI vs VUG Performance Chart

VTI (Blue)    VUG (Yellow)

As you can see, VUG has significantly beat VTI over the last 10 years.

Similarities between VTI and VUG:

  • Vanguard Exchange-Traded Funds (ETFs)
  • Both Have Equivalent Admiral Funds (VTSAX & VIGAX)
  • Low Expense Ratios

 

VTI and VUG Differences

VTI vs VUG primarily differs in that VUG has a much smaller number of holdings that are focused on US growth stocks.  Vanguard’s VTI has 12 times as many holdings and is a balance between growth and value stocks.

Both are passively managed and have very low expense ratios (0.03% vs 0.04%).

By investing in ETFs with low expense ratios, you keep more of your returns.  This can make a big difference over time.

Differences between VTI and VUG:

  • Number Of Holdings (3535 vs 287)
  • Index The Fund Tracks
  • Asset Allocation

 

VTI

The Vanguard Total Stock Market ETF (VTI) can be described as the exchange-traded fund version of the VTSAX.  Since its inception in 2001, it has grown to be one of the most popular ETFs in the world.  The creator of this fund was Jack Bogle who was a big believer in passive investing.

VTI was created to let the average investor benefit from the growth of US companies.  VTI’s most attractive features are broad range exposure to large-cap companies at a very reasonable expense ratio (0.03%).

Just like VTSAX, VTI is a passive investment vehicle, well-diversified, and tracks the CRSP U.S. Total Market Index.  The fund is a market capitalization-weighted, with small-cap, mid-cap, and large-cap companies.

VTI Performance

Vanguard Total Stock Market ETF (VTI) has been on an all-time high, outperforming the outstanding S&P 500 over the last 20 years.

It’s no guarantee these all-time high returns will continue.  However, VTI remains one of the safest investments if you need a diversified portfolio at a low cost and with minimal turnover.

VTI Performance

VTI Top 10 Holdings

VTI Top Holdings

The fund has over $1.3 trillion in total net assets.

VTI is largely made up of Apple, Microsoft, Google, Amazon, and Tesla and provides exposure to over 3000 stocks.

VTI Allocation includes:

  • Technology: 24.2%
  • Financials: 16.8%
  • Healthcare: 14.8%

 

VUG

Vanguard Growth ETF (VUG) is an ETF focused on growth companies.  It was created in 2004 and has outperformed the S&P 500 ever since.  VUG has an admiral fund (VIGAX) with a slightly higher expense ratio and a minimum investment of $3,000.

For this reason, VUG is very popular.  The ETF also has a very low expense ratio of 0.04% and there is no minimum investment.

The price-to-earning (P/E) ratio for VUG is 38.8x which is high.  The fund has $169 billion in total net assets.

VUG Performance

Vanguards Growth ETF (VUG) has outperformed the S&P 500 and therefore Vanguard 500 Index Fund ETF (VOO) over the last 10 years:

VUG Performance Chart

VUG (Blue)    S&P 500 (Yellow)

However, be mindful that this does not guarantee the next 10 years will look the same.

VUG Top 10 Holdings

VUG Top Holdings

Vanguard’s VUG is largely made up of Apple, Microsoft, Google, Amazon, and Tesla and provides exposure to over 250 stocks.

The top 10 holdings make up 50% of the portfolio.  This means it isn’t very diversified compared to larger ETFs like Vanguard Total Stock Market Index Fund ETF (VTI).

 

No Minimum Investment

VTI and VUG are both exchange-traded funds (ETFs) with no minimum investment.  Investors looking to buy fractional shares can use platforms like M1 Finance. ***(Get $50 When You Use This Link)***

Normally, fractional shares are not available for ETFs but with M1 Finance you can purchase fractional shares with no commission.

Buying fractional shares allows you to maximize your investment.  This is beneficial when it comes to shares of VTI and VUG due to their high prices per share (~$236/share and ~$304/share).

 

Which is Better VTI or VUG?

Both VTI and VUG are great investments.  They both offer investors the ability to invest in high-growth companies at a low expense ratio (0.03% and 0.04%).

VUG offers more potential returns but also more volatility.

VTI offers increased diversification with strong fundamentals.

If you believe the success of VUG will continue and are willing to endure the higher volatility then VUG makes for a great investment.

If you prefer more diversification with the absolute lowest expense ratio then VTI would be a great choice.

 

Is VTI or VUG Better for Financial Independence?

Both VTI and VUG can get you to Financial Independence Retire Early (FIRE).  They are both Vanguard ETFs with low expense ratios.

In the FIRE community, we aim for the lowest fees possible and we’re big fans of Vanguard.

The FIRE community is also a major fan of VTI and VTSAX due to books like “The Simple Path To Wealth” by JL Collins.  I had the privilege to interview JL Collins on the Inspire To FIRE Podcast.  We spoke about long-term investing in VTSAX.

I would prefer the diversification that VTI provides.  It helps me sleep at night knowing I own a small piece of every publicly traded company in the United States.

Similar Comparisons:

 

My Winner: VTI

My winner is VTI solely based on the increased diversification.  The fact that VTI provides exposure to the whole US stock market can give long-term investors the conviction to buy during bear markets.  It can also provide a smoother ride towards building wealth.

Lastly, the low expense ratio will likely stay that way because Vanguard has no incentive to increase its fees.  This is a big reason why VTI and VTSAX are fan favorites in the FIRE community.

 


Disclaimer
This post may have affiliate links, which means I may receive commissions if you choose to purchase through links I provide (at no extra cost to you). Thank you for supporting the work I put into this site!

This information is my opinion and is for information purposes only. It is not intended to be investment advice. Seek a duly licensed professional for investment advice.
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